Wednesday, August 31, 2016

VEGETABLE OKRA

VEGETABLE

OKRA
Botanical name:  Abelmoscus esculentus
Cultivated varieties include
1.   Ladies finger
2.   Perkin’s long pod
3.   Local cultivars

CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT
Temperature: 180c - 300c
Rainfall: Okra requires 100cm – 150cnm per annum
Soil requirements:
Okra requires well drained loamy soil
Land preparation
Clear, plough, harrow, ridge
Method of propagation – seed
Spacing: 60cm by 60cm
Planting Date:  Early April to May
Seed Rate: 2-3 seeds per hole which will later be thinned to one seedling per stand
Cultural practices:
Thinning and supplying can be done when necessary.
1.   Fertilizer Application: Apply single super phosphate fertilizer at 100kg per hectare using ring method
2.   Weeding: It should be done regularly
3.   Maturity Period:  Okra mature between 3-7 months after germination (3-5 day after planting) depending on varieties
Harvesting:  Young and succulent green fruits are plucked, harvested by knife. Harvesting is done over a long period of time.
USES OF OKRA
1.   The fruits are used as food

STORAGE
Fresh fruits are stored in cool place e.g. refrigerator. Dried ones are stored in sacks
PESTS OF OKRA
1.   Flea beetle         
2.   Cricket
3.   Grasshopper
CONTROL
Spray with insecticides
DISEASES OF OKRA
1.   Root knot
2.   Mosaic diseases
3.   Damping off
CONTROL
1.   Use resistant varieties
2.   Practice crop rotation
3.   Spray with insecticides to kill the vector
4.   Remove and burn infected plant

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