Sunday, September 18, 2016

LAND AND IT’S USES


Land can be defined as the solid part of the earth’s surface that supports production such as crop and livestock production.
USE OF LAND
The use of land can be classified into 2 groups
1.   Use of land for agricultural purpose
2.   Use of land for non-agricultural purposes
1.   Use of Land for Agricultural Purpose: This is an area of land that is specifically used for agricultural production.
2.   Use of Land for Non Agricultural Purpose: This is a piece of land that is used for non-agricultural purposes

USE OF LAND FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSE
1.   Crop Production: Land is used for the production of food and cash crops such as maize, rice, millet cowpea cassava, cocoa, cotton, cashew, kolanut, rubber, groundnut etc. 
2.   Livestock Production: Land is also used for the production of livestock such as cattle, sheep, goat, poultry production etc.
3.   Livestock Grazing: Land is used for planting of grasses upon which livestock like cattle, sheep and goat graze.
4.   Forestry: Land is used to establish forest reserves from where some resources are tapped for man’s use
5.   Fishery: Land is used for the construction of ponds where fishes and other aquatic are raised
6.   Wildlife and Games Reserves: Land is used for wildlife conservation which are centres of attraction.     
7.   Construction of Dam: Land is used for the construction of dam for the purpose of irrigation in agriculture.

USE OF LAND FOR NON-AGRICULTURAL PURPOSE

1.   Housing:  land is used for the construction of residential building, estates, offices and other farm  settlement
2.   Transport: land is used for the construction of roads, railway, airports, seaports etc.
3.   Socio-Economic Activities: Land is used for the construction of schools, hospitals, stadia, churches, mosques, recreation centre etc.
4.   Industrial use: Land is also used for the construction of various industries that produce different goods e.g. oil industries
5.   Mining: land where minerals are found are used for mining

Factors Affecting Availability of Land For Agricultural Purpose
1.   Population Pressure: Increase in human population has created alternative uses of land for public utilities such as school, road, sewage etc. which makes land expensive to acquire.
2.   Land Tenure System: Land ownership in Nigeria does not make land available for large scale production. Farmers who want to engage in large scale production find it difficult to acquire enough land for that purpose because of land ownership system
3.   Soil type: The type of soil in an area determining whether that soil will be available for farming or not, if the said type is loamy or clay it will be suitable for farming but if it is sand it will not be suitable.
4.   Topography: The slope of the land also determine availability of land for agriculture as hilly, mountainous and other forms of highlands is not suitable for agriculture as erosion will wash away any crop planted on such land.
5.   Climate: The climate of an area determines whether the land is suitable for agriculture or not. Rainfall is the major determinant of crop distribution as area with heavy rainfall encourage tree crops production while area with low moderate rainfall favours food crop production
6.   Cultural practices: Cultural practices such as bush burning, deforestation etc. does not make land suitable for agricultural purpose.   

Agricultural use of land
Non-agricultural use of  land
1
Arable farming
Farming and quarrying
2
Livestock production
Construction of residential building
3
Games reserve
Construction of road and rail
4
National park
Construction of industries
5
Forest reserve
Construction of schools and hospital
6
Agro-based industry
Construction of stadia
7
Construction of dam and fish pond
Construction of airport and seaport
8
Farm settlement

9
Horticulture

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