Roles Of Government And Non Governmental Organisations In Agricultural Development

Government And Non Governmental Organisations have role to play in Agricultural Development, some of the ro;es government needs to play are listed below:

1.   Provision of financial assistance such as loans, subsidy, insurance.

2.   Establishment of farm settlement scheme and other agricultural programmes e.g. operation feed the nation (OFN), green revolution River basin development Authority.

3.   Provision of farm input e.g. tractor hiring unit, improved seeds, fertilizer, agro chemical (pesticides, herbicide, insecticides)

4.   Provision of basic amenities e.g. electricity, health care, water supply, e.t.c

5.   Establishment of effective roads and transportation network,, marketing outlet and quality control measure

6.   Provision of adequate storage facility

7.   Provision of pests and disease control service, vaccination, quarantine control service

8.   Provision of extension services, agricultural education and cooperative


ROLES OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Non-governmental organizations play important roles in increasing agricultural production through research.

They go into research and come up with new discoveries which will be an improvement on whatever has been on ground, such discoveries include: new farming ideas, new varieties of crops, new breeds of animals, new ways of prevention and control of pests and disease of crops and animals.

Some of them major on single crop (a particular crop) while others research on two or three crops.

Some equally major on livestock. Some of the organizations and their aims are as follow:-

1.   West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA): It was established in 1971 with the headquarters in cote d voire. Its aim is to increase rice production.

2.   International Institution For Tropical Agriculture (IITA): It was established in 1967 with the headquarters in Ibadan, Nigeria and other sub-station in West Africa sub-region.

The objective is to research on crops such as rice, maize, cassava, cocoyam, cowpea, sweet potato and soyabeans.

3.   International Livestock Centre for Africa  (ILCA):  It was established in 1967 with headquarters at Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. The aims to improve livestock production system in African region.

4.   International Fund For Agricultural Development (IFAD):  The headquarter is in Rome, Italy. Its aim is to improve and increase food production and the living standard of people in rural area.

5.   International Crop Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics:  it is established in 1972 with headquarters in Hyderabad, India .

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