The Web Terms Every Internet User Should Know

What is URL ?

 URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

That unusual word at the top of the page in what is known as the locator box or address box is the address of a Web page. 

Each Web page has a unique address called a Uniform Resource Locator or URL. 

The URL (pronounced U-R-L) is the specific address of a Web page. 

There is a special system for addressing Internet sites. 

The URL or Web address is typically composed of four parts:

A protocol name (a protocol is a set of rules and standards that enable computers to exchange information)

    The location of the site

    The name of the organization that maintains the site

    A suffix that identifies the kind of organization it is

The Back Icon keeps a list of the last nine Web sites you have visited during the current session.

 A session is the time period from when you open or start your browser program to when you close it. 

The Auto Complete function works for Web pages that you have visited in previous sessions as well, so it keeps a fairly good history of previously visited Web sites.

    http://     This Web server uses Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). 

This is the most common protocol on the Internet.

    www    This site is on the World Wide Web.

Some common extensions are:

    .com (commercial)
    .edu (educational institution)
    .gov (government)
    .int (international)
    .mil (military)
    .net (network)
    .org (organization)

You might also see foreign addresses that add a country code as the last several digits of the address, such as:

    .au (Australia)
    .ca (Canada)
    .fr (France)
    .it (Italy)
    .us (United States of America)

Address Bar

The Address Bar is an excellent tool that can be used for navigating the Web. If you know the address of a page you want to visit, type the URL in the Address Bar. 

Then press Enter on the keyboard or click on the word Go on the right side of the Address Bar.

The power of the computer really shines through with a feature called Auto Complete which is built into Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox and some other Browsers. 

If you start typing a Web address that you have previously used, a list of matching addresses appears.

The addresses of all the Web sites that you have visited are kept in the computer memory. 

Your browser will locate an address that you have previously typed in the Address Bar by searching for similar addresses trying to find a match.

As you type each letter, the list is refined to match your typing. 

You can choose one of these addresses by simply moving your mouse over the name and clicking Hyperlinks

An easy way to move around on the World Wide Web is by hyperlinks, which are sometimes called hot links. 

Whatever you call them, these links provide a connection between Web pages that allows for amazingly easy access to other Web pages. 

A link or hyperlink can be text, an icon, a picture, or an icon that moves a user from one Web page or Web site to another. 

A hyperlink has an unseen Web address imbedded in it.

Positioning your cursor on a hyperlink and clicking your mouse will take you to the Web page whose address is embedded in the hyperlink.

 So, if I am writing something about The site, I can simply add a hyperlink to the text and it will become The site

You can tell that this text has a hyperlink hidden in it because it is a different color and because it is underlined.

 Just click on the hyperlinked word and presto, you go off to the world of the underlined word, in this case, the website Homepage.

Hyperlinks are a great way to easily find out more about a particular word or concept.

 There seems to be no end to the information on this Information Highway!

You will find that knowing which pages you have visited by looking at the color of the link can be very powerful information when you want to revisit interesting sites.

A text link appears as an underlined word and often is indicated by a color different from the rest of the text on the page. 

When you click this underlined word, you will instantly jump from one place to another. 

Once you click on a hyperlink, it changes color to indicate that you have previously used the hyperlink.

Navigating Within a Web Page

So far, our main focus has been moving from Web page to Web page or navigating between Web sites, but that is only half the picture. 

Once you have moved from Web site to Web site and selected a Web page you want to concentrate on, there are convenient ways to move around that particular page itself.

A common practice in the Web World is to make a logo a hyperlink that will transport you to the site's home page.

Often a Web page holds more information than can fit on one screen. A Web page appears aligned to the upper left hand corner of your screen. 

There is often information that you cannot see farther down after the last line on the screen. Sometimes there is also more information to the right of the screen.
Printing pages

With all this navigating and exploring of Web pages, you have probably seen information that you would like to save in the old-fashioned way — with a printed-paper copy. 

As you viewed pages on the Web, did you find information that you'd like to save for future reference or share with others?

The computer world gives you the option of saving an entire Web page or any part of it: text, graphics, or links in printed form. Printing Web pages is very easy, thanks to that helpful Tool Bar.

 See the printer icon on the Tool Bar? That is the answer if you want a paper copy of a Web page you have found useful.

 A thoughtful gesture is to share Internet information by printing Web pages for people who don't have access to the Web or a computer.

To print a Web page, just click the printer icon on your Tool Bar. 

The page will print according to all your default options, which is usually what you want anyway.

Highlighting what you want to print and choosing Selection will also work in Microsoft Word and many other programs when you only want to print a portion of the document.

There is another, more detailed way to print material from the Internet. Go to the Menu Bar and click on File. 

You will now see a drop down menu offering a variety of choices, one of them being Print. Click Print. 

You will now be able to print a Web page, a portion of a Web page, or several copies of a Web page by making specific selections. You can select the printing options you want.

A nice way to double-check yourself is to preview how a Web page will look before your click the Print command; just click Print Preview.

Search Icon

The outstanding value of the computer is the access that it offers to information. But users need some help in getting to that great source of information. And here is that help — the Search feature. 

The computer has a great program to find a particular area of content for documents that contain certain keywords, the search feature.

To use the Search feature, click the Search icon (magnifying glass) on the Tool Bar and you will gain access to a search engine. 

In the Search bar, type that word or phrase that describes what you're looking for. 

Try to keep your topic as short and specific as possible. When your search results appear, you can view the individual Web pages without losing your list of search results.

Sometimes a Web page becomes inaccessible simply because there are too many people trying to visit it at the same time.

Pop up Ad.

Many of the irritations and aggravations are caused by aggressive marketers who want to get your eyes on their information. 

One popular way to invade your screen is through pop ups. Pop ups are ads that appear without your request usually on top of the information that you want to view.

You can get rid of them by simply clicking on the X in the upper right hand corner of the box containing the ad. Another kind of ad has become increasing popular: the pop under ad. While you are surfing the Web, these ads open under your browser window. 

You may not see them until after you close your browser, at which time you may wonder where the ad came from. Again, simply close the window and ignore it.

Pop up and pop under ads are extremely aggravating. Remember, if you respond to a pop up or pop under ad, you are letting the marketers know that they have gotten your attention. 

If no one ever clicked on these ads, marketers would consider them a failure, and they would quickly disappear.
Page Not Found

You are already becoming familiar with the two major characteristics of the Internet — it is mammoth and dynamic. 

Often the dynamic quality of the Web can be frustrating. You may have a particular site that you need to find or return to.

You carefully type in the URL and click Go. There is a message that appears, "Page Not Found." 

The most common reason for a Page Not Found error is a typo, so first check the address that you have typed to make sure that it is a valid address with no spaces or mistakes.

Occasionally, you will get a Page Not Found error simply because of a glitch or a burp in the system. 

Retry the address again. If you still get an error, try again later. 

If, after several tries, Page Not Found still appears, the page may have been removed from the Internet or moved to a new location making it inaccessible.

Web Traffic

 This happened with several news sites after the September 11th terrorist attacks.

 If this is the case, you may get a "Page Not Found" or other error.

Also remember that during certain times of the day, there is more traffic on the Internet, making Web sites appears more slowly. 

You may want to avoid surfing during the very busy early evening hours.

Open in New Window Menu

One of the goals of every Web site is to get visitors to come to their site. Sometimes Web creators use somewhat devious tricks to keep you looking at their Web sites. 

You will notice that occasionally when you click on a hyperlink, instead of being transported to a new page, you see the new page appear in the framework of the old page.

No matter how many links you click on, you cannot escape from the first page.

 Dealing with this dilemma is easy. 

Just right-click on a hyperlink and choose Open in New Window, and you will have broken free.

Have Wonderful Day.

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