Common Terms In Animal Husbandry And Production

1.   Brooding:-  The act of rearing day old chicks to 6 or 8 weeks

2.   Broiler: birds raised for meat

3.   Culling: Act of removing unproductive birds from flock

4.   Treading: Act of mating

5.   Cockerel: Young male of fowl

6.   Cock: Matured male fowl

7.   Incubation: The processing of keeping fertilized eggs at optimum temperature for chick to hatch

8.   Layer: Matured female fowl

9.   Candling: The method of testing egg fertility

Capon: Castrated adult male fowl

10.    Bull: Adult male cattle

11.    Steer:  Young castrated male cattle

12.    Heifer: Growing female cattle

13.    Calving:  the act of giving birth in cattle

14.    Billy:  Adult male goat

15.    Nanny:  Adult female goat

16.    Kid: Young goat of either sex

17.    Kidding:  Act of giving birth

18.    Boar:  Adult male pig

19.    Sew: Adult female pig

20.    Piglet:  Young pig at birth (male or female)

21.    Farrowing: Act of giving birth in piggery

22.    Duck:  Adult male rabbit

23.    Doe:  Adult female rabbit

24.    Kindling: Act of giving birth in rabbit

25.    Dairy: it is a building where milk and milk products are handled

26.    Boiler:  Fowl kept for table purpose

27.    Hen:  Adult female fowl

28.    Cock:  Adult male fowl

29.    De-worming:  Act of getting rid of worm

30.    De-beaking:  This is the act of cutting the beak with a sharp object and press it with hot iron to prevent bleeding. De-beaking is done to prevent.

a.       Cannibalism:  This is the act of killing and eating one another and it is common with the animals that are not properly fed

b.       To prevent pecking: this is the act of destroying eggs laid by fowl themselves or that is laid by another fowl.

31.     Incubator: it is an artificial device used to hatch fertilized egg

32.     Brooding: is the act of raising chicks from a day old to four weeks of age under a special condition of temperature humidity and environment. There are two types of brooding:

i.             Artificial brooding

ii.           Natural brooding

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